The flora of Milos belongs to the Eumediterranean vegetation zone. The island’s vegetation, in other words, has been adapted to the prevailing Mediterranean climate typical of this area. Milos plants must be hardy due to poor soil, high salinity, strong winds (that are often comparable to a sandblast), soil erosion, lasting drought during the summer, long-term water scarcity, unrestrained grazing and, occasionally, fires. Consequently, the vegetation on Milos is characterized by plant species that have developed mechanisms to withstand such conditions.
As a result of human activities large animals are not prevalent in the island’s fauna. Contrary to the mammals being scarce on Milos, the bird fauna is still very rich and the reptilian fauna is both rich and rare.